Traian Vuia (1872–1953)

Traian Vuia

1872 He was born in a village called Surducul Mic, Bujor parish, Timis County, Romania. He was an excellent student graduating each level getting the mark: “exceptional” for each subject. Since he was a little child he proved abilities and interest for cars and mechanisms. Vuia confessed: “When I was 10 years old, while attending elementary school in Faget (Banat), in 1881, teacher Mohler built a kite for his son and his friend. I researched, with the curiosity of that age, the big kite. Its carcas was done of reed. This kite was a successful one. Other friend’s father built after that a bigger one. The rope traction was so powerful that one strong boy of 12 years old could not keep it; to boys were necessary. This kite, covered with blue paper, could have been seen from each place of the city. To the countryside, to my parents I built a great deal of kites.”

Vuia got used early with the propeller because in Banat boys used to build windmills. While attending high school in Lugoj, he conceived, built and experienced a flying machine that was heavier than the air but little which was called winged car. After graduating high school he continued to study at Budapest.

1902 Being 30 years old, he went to Paris, the centre of world aeronautics in order to deepen his studies regarding the possibility of human being to fly by machines heavier than the air. Even if he did not receive the approval of French Aeronautic Commission, he remained adamant to his decision to do his projects. In less than three years, Vuia built three types of airplanes: Vuia no. 1, Vuia no. 2 bis, Vuia no.2.

1906 On the 18th of March he did, by the first device, the first flight of aviation history of a plane that spun off from the ground by its own. The machine was one meter height and flew about 12 meters in the air.

Then, on the 7th and 14th of October, Vuia did two flights more at Issy-les Moulineaux, these being the only flights that were officially recognized by France’s Aero Club. Traian Vuia had good results also in the field of vertical flight, of rotary wing aircraft: helicopter.

1925 On the 31st of October he flew for the first time by a helicopter conceived by him. Dealing with the problem of an airplane engine as good as possible, during researching, he reached another invention: steam generator.

1946 Vuia continued to work restlessly until this year when he got very sick.

1953 On 3rd of September, Traian Vuia died. As long as Traian Vuia was alive Romanian people had a worthy, faithful and devoted son who wrote a glorious page in world and Romanian Aeronautics history. 

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