1819 On May 24th, at Kensington Palace in London, England, Queen Victoria was born. She ruled 63 years a bright empire, in a continue expending. Despite being a constitutional monarch, so without power, Victoria turned her name into renown and became one of the most known characters of nineteenth century world.
Victoria was the daughter of George’s IV brother, Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and of Princess Victoria of Saxa-Coburg. She was born in England, but close to the limit, because her mother, pregnant in eight months, had just returned from Germany, by carriage. After her father’s death, Victoria was strictly grown up by her mother, who aimed to obtain the power through her daughter. But the first thing Victoria did when she ascended the throne, when she was eighteen, was to declare her independence and to emphasize her authority.
1837 She ascended the throne of England, on June 20th.
1838 She was crowned.
1840 She married Prince Albert, on February 10th.
Even she believed that her position was not suitable for a woman, the young queen decided to actively participate to the country’s leadership and learnt to do this from the old and the conservative Lord Melborne, prime minister at that time, a Whig who she “loved like a father”. When the government was ruled by Whig members she lost the election in favour of conservatives. Victoria provoked a serious constitutional crisis and denied to get at the palace the wives of Conservator Party’s members.
1851 The period when Victoria manifested most active as a leader of state was that spent with her much-loved Albert. She supported him in all his projects from the reconstruction of their holiday palaces, Osborne House, on Wight Island and Balmoral in Scotland, to the large public project represented by “Great Expectation” from Crystal Palace, an exhibition which had a big success.
1861 Prince Albert died when he was only 42 years old. It was a shock for the queen, who was as passionate in pain as in love. Victoria sank in loneliness for many years.
1876 She was declared Empress of India. Queen Victoria mixed the role of monarch with that of woman and proved a great lust for life. This time she was married to Albert, danced very much, travelled on the new railroads given into use to Germany and France, and in holidays they went together to Osborne and Balmoral. An attentive and interested observer, she wrote everything in her diary, one of which some paragraphs were published like “Fillets from my life’s in Highlands diary”. The albums were full of happy watercolours where her children and her favourite landscapes appeared. Later, in the second half of her life, she often travelled to Europe, but she had never gone to India.
Queen Victoria was honest, stubborn, she had strong will, emotional, firm, reserved to women beauty, but also to that of men, educated, reticent to compromises, shy, passionate, full of contradictions, determined and sure.
1901 She died at Osborne House, on Wight Island, on January 22nd.
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