Alexander the Good (??-1432)

Alexander the Good

1370 Around this year, Alexander the Good, Voivode (Prince) of Moldavia, within Musat family, it looks like it was born. Son of Roman I, Alexander the Good had one of the longest reigns, characterized by a prosperous and quiet period. He consummately obtained Moldavia’s political and administrative organization.

Alexander was son of Roman I Musat from the second marriage with Anastasia, of Koriatovici branch, of Lithuanian dynasty of Gedymins, the cousin of Polish King, Vladislav Jagello. From the first marriage of his father, Alexander had other three brothers, Michael, Yuga, and Stephen I. He was the first offspring of Bogdans’ that had a Greek Christian name, Alexander. He was said “cel Bun” long after his death, “Voda Alexander the Old and Good” appears in Grigore Ureche’s Chronicle, in the first quarter of century XVII.

Alexander the Good had four wives: Margareta, Ana (Neacsa), Ringala – the first cousin of Vladislav Jagello, and Marena (Marina, Maria). Among Alexander’s sons that were his successors to Moldavia’s leading are Ilias, Stephan II, Peter II, Bogdan II – Stephen the Great and Petru Aron’s father.

1401 Patriarchate in Constantinople recognized Metropolitan of Suceava. He supported external and internal trade development offering privileges to traders in Liov, Brasov and Bistrita. He sustained culture establishing the first copyists, calligraphers and miniaturists’ school and initialling the record of memorable facts in chronicles. He helped Polish people in the battles against Teutonic Knights (at Grunwald, 1410 and at Marienburg, 1422)

1402 He signed a vassalage treaty with Poland’s King, Vladislav Jagello that would be renewed in 1404, 1407 and 1411. By this treaty, Alexander wanted to defense by Sigismund of Luxemburg claims, King of Hungary, who wanted to restore Hungarian suzerainty over Moldavia and moreover, to control the Cell, the end point of Central-European way to Danube’s mouths.



1408 Alexander made his mark also on country’s economic development. He regulated commercial connection with Poland offering customs privileges to traders in Lvov and then with Transylvania.

1420 He rejected the first Turkish attack over Moldavia. The three reign years meant a quiet and peace and economic development period for Moldavia.

1429 Alexander was informed by great Prince of Lithuania about the content of Lublau treaty. So, Alexander helped Vladislav Jagello’s brother, Swidrigaillo, who wanted to found a great Lithuanian state. In the same time, he got close to Sigismund of Luxemburg because he was going to give up temporary to the Cell. Alexander the Good died on January 1, after a disease contracted in the fights between Poland and Hungary. He was buried at Bistrita monastery.

 



 

Bibliography:

    1. http://www.ro.biography.name/conducatori/94-romania/273-alexandru-cel-bun-1432;