Marie Curie (1867-1934)

Marie Curie

1867 Maria Sklodowska was born on the 7th of November in a neighbourhood in Warsaw, Poland. She was a Polish physicist and chemist, working mainly in France, who is famous for her pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the only woman to win in two fields, and the only person to win in multiple sciences.[1]

1876 Her sister, Sofia, died when she was 9 years old.

1878 On May, when Maria was 11, her mother died.

1833 She graduated secondary school receiving a golden medal. Because of financial problems and to support her elder sister, who was studying medicine in France, she worked for a while as a dry nurse of a rich family’s children.

1891 Because in tsarist Russia women were not allowed to attend university, she moved to Paris and studied at Sorbonne.

1893 She was licensed in Physics.

1894 She was licensed in Maths and during spring she met Pierre Curie.

1895 On the 25th of June Pierre Curie and Maria Sklodowska got married.

1897 The first daughter, Irene, was born.

1898 On July, she announced the discovery of polonium and on December the existence of radium.

1903 She started researches related to radioactivity to which her husband joined soon in order to isolate polonium and radium. For these researches they were given Nobel Award for Physics, together with Henri Becquerel.

1904 The second Maria Curie’s daughter was born, Eve.

1906 On the 13th of May the Department from Sorbonne that had been established for Pierre Curie was given to Maria Curie after her husband’s tragic death, fatally injured by a carriage; Maria Curie continued alone the researches.

1908 She was appointed tenured professor.

1910 She announced that she had succeeded to isolate radioactive radium into the air.

1911 Academy of Sciences in Stockholm gave to Maria Curie the second Nobel Award (for Chemistry) for preparation of pure radium.

1923 Maria was operated because of eyes and ears problems.

1934 After 11 years, she died due to some complications after surgery. The studied radiations destroyed important components of her blood. Her daughter, Irene, together with her husband, F. Joliot-Curie continued Maria and Pierre’s work and discovered artificial radiation for which they got Nobel Award.[2]

 

 

Bibliography:

    1. Marie Curie, en.biography.name - accessed on 23.09.2013
    2. Marie Curie (1867-1934), ro.biography.name
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