1627 Robert Boyle was the 14th child of Earl of Cork and was born at Lismore Castle, Ireland. He was a genius child, as he started to study Latin and French when he was very little.
1635 He was sent to Eton College when he was only 8 years old.
1638 He made long journeys together with a French guardian when he was 11.
1641 He was at Florence and studied Galileo Galilei’s works. Returned to England, he dedicated his time to science. He moved to Oxford and had the luck to meet Robert Hooke, who was a genius mechanic.
1654 Finding out about the experiment of the mayor of German city Magdeburg, who had suggested that the air has weight, making an air pump which hardly drew the air out of the round copper vessel combined into two hemispheres, Boyle together with ingenious Hooke made an improved air pump. It was used for vacuum experiments.
He discovered one of gas laws that – irrespective of him – had been also discovered by French physicist E. Mariotte. That is why it is known as: Boyle-Mariotte Law. It establishes that the pressure of a perfect gas at constant temperature is inversely proportional to the volume occupied by the gas.
Son of Earl, that wore wig (according to the fashion of that time) he was keen on Chemistry and Physics; he had a laboratory full of devices and was assisted by French scientist Denis Papin to the pump experiments.
1691 He passed away in his sister’s house in London, where he lived 23 years.
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