Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov (1711-1765)

Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov

1711 Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov was born on the 19th of November, in Northern area called Goubernia Arhanghelsk, Russia, a harsh climate region. Geographical location with its difficult living conditions, with soil and unfavourable climate for riches achieving had its advantages, too: great owners did not come here and Tatars were not tempted to come and storm.

Without these problems, the region reached a high level of development, especially from the cultural point of view. Residents, mostly fishermen and daring navigators, travelled to great distances the ocean in order to have money to survive, but in the same time, they succeeded to enlarge their knowledge horizon.

Lomonosov also took part together with his father in this kind of trips to fish in Arctic Ocean and White Sea. Such a harsh life, during childhood and adolescence, hardened him by giving to his temper boldness and struggle power against the forces of nature. Since he was young he was crazy about studying.

1730 When he was 19 years old, he walked from far North of Russia to Moscow where he studied on the harshest living conditions, without food, eating only bread days in a row. Old languages, especially Latin which was very used within scientific world at that time, were initially the subject of his study. Being remarked as the best student, he was sent to Petersburg in order to continue his studies and then abroad to University in Magdeburg, where he learnt natural sciences and humanistic disciplines. Then he went to Freiburg for studying Chemistry and mining.

1741 Being 30, he went back to Russia and was appointed Assistant of Physics for Sciences Academy in Petersburg.

1745 He was appointed Chemistry teacher within the same academy. Soon, Lomonosov fought with determination the conceptions spread at that time about “imponderable fluids” which were considered causes of electrical and magnetic forces and also of caloric phenomena. He was a forerunner of modern theory (atomic-molecular) of matter. Together with Richman he made interesting researches regarding atmospheric electricity and meteorology. Lomonosov explained clouds electrisation by friction caused by updrafts and downflow in the atmosphere. He sustained the idea of Aurora Boreal’s electrical nature.

1760 Since this year he foresaw the possibility of electricity to be transmitted by insulated conductors. He built a series of interesting devices related to Photics.

Lomonosov worked a lot within different fields. He was a physicist, a chemist, a mineralog, a mechanic and even a poet and scholar. He opened new ways into many directions, not only for people in his country, but also for scientists in other countries.

1765 On the 15th of April, Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov passed away.[1]




1 - Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov (1711-1765), ro.biography.name;



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